New technologies for pasteurisation of low water activity foods

It has long been assumed that dry food and ingredients, by virtue of their low water activity (aw), carry relatively little risk with regards to foodborne pathogens. It has become clear, however, that whilst pathogens are unlikely to grow in dry products, if present they can often survive. Foods with a low aw tend to have a long shelf life because spoilage organisms grow slowly or are prevented from growing. Pathogens cannot grow in low aw products; however, if they are present in high numbers, or the infective dose is low, then the risk to the consumer still remains. If low aw ingredients are rehydrated during manufacture or preparation, growth can occur, thus increasing the risk to consumers. Recent outbreaks have raised concerns regarding the safety of low moisture foods. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention1, a recent USA outbreak in dry ingredients originated in organic sprouted chia powder. A total of 31 people infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Newport (20 people), Salmonella Hartford (seven people), or Salmonella Oranienburg (four people) were reported from 16 states. Another outbreak in June 2013 originated in tahini sesame paste and...

Four Ways Synthetic Biology Can Help LEGO Bricks Go Green

If you braved Black Friday or ventured online for Cyber Monday, you might be one of a growing number of shoppers seeking sustainable products. Luckily, some of the world’s favorite manufacturers are proactively decreasing their carbon footprint. Toy giant LEGO Group is among them. Back in 2015, it announced a $1 billion initiative to make its products entirely sustainable by 2030. Since 1963, LEGO has been using acrylonitrile butadiene styrene — or ABS — to make its bricks. ABS is sturdy, glossy, and can incorporate vibrant color pigments. ABS high-performance characteristics assure LEGO bricks manufactured today will deliver the satisfying “click” even when combined with Lego bricks from 10, 20, even 50 years ago. “The advanced, precision engineering required to manufacture the iconic LEGO is not easily amenable to a new polymer,” said Molly Morse, president and founder of Mango Materials. “The main technical challenge is developing materials that have the same physical properties such as stiffness, friction, and shine,” said Matt Whitby, Environmental Engagement Manager of LEGO Group. “And perhaps most importantly, the bricks need ‘clutch power’, the flexibility that enables b...

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<!– var calendarDate = getCalendarDate(); var clockTime = getClockTime(); document.write(calendarDate); document.write('‘); document.write(clockTime + ‘ PST’); //–> Taiwanese industrial and rugged computing specialists offer a clean, straighforward Mobile Clinical Assistant design with numerous customization options (by Conrad H. Blickenstorfer; photography by Carol Cotton) The Winmate Patient Service Tablet PC is a device based on the Intel Mobile Clinical Assistant reference platform that came out of research that Intel started in 2004 (see Intel MCA page). Intel described a compact clipboard form factor, lightweight design, and an integrated handle so the tablet would be easy to use and carry around during work shifts. The idea was that, along with appropriate software, an MCA tablet computer would enable clinicians to access patient records at the point of care and document a patient’s condition in real time. The goal of Intel’s research was to create a clinical computing platform that would result in fewer transcription errors, enhanced workflow, and quicker and safer patient care. RuggedPCReview.com had a chance to exami...

An enzymatic approach reverses nicotine dependence, decreases compulsive-like intake, and prevents relapse

Tobacco use disorder is the leading cause of disease and preventable death worldwide, but current medications that are based on pharmacodynamics have low efficacy. Novel pharmacokinetic approaches to prevent nicotine from reaching the brain have been tested using vaccines, but these efforts have failed because antibody affinity and concentration are not sufficient to completely prevent nicotine from reaching the brain. We provide preclinical evidence of the efficacy of an enzymatic approach to reverse nicotine dependence, reduce compulsive-like nicotine intake, and prevent relapse in rats with a history of nicotine dependence. Chronic administration of NicA2-J1, an engineered nicotine-degrading enzyme that was originally isolated from Pseudomonas putida S16, completely prevented nicotine from reaching the brain and reversed somatic signs of withdrawal, hyperalgesia, and irritability-like behavior in nicotine-dependent rats with a history of escalation of nicotine self-administration. NicA2-J1 also decreased compulsive-like nicotine intake, reflected by responding despite the adverse consequences of contingent footshocks, and prevented nicotine- and stress (yohimbine)–induced rel...

Not all steel road bikes are heavy, slow and cumbersome – here’s Cyclingnews’ roundup of the

Not all steel road bikes are heavy, slow and cumbersome – here’s Cyclingnews’ roundup of the best available in 2020 While steel has been mostly superseded by materials such as aluminium and carbon fibre, steel bikes still have a passionate following, with plenty riders refusing to ride anything else. As the saying goes, ‘steel is real’, and as a frame material, it provides a smooth and springy ride quality that no other frame material can match.  Steel is stiff, durable, and a comparatively easy material to work with; if your frame does break, a local welder should be able to fix you up. But steel is heavy compared to other frame materials and is subject to corrosion, too.  Steel frames are made up of cut-to-length tubing, which will be bonded together in one of three ways. Brazing uses a filler metal like brass or silver, which is heated to just above its melting point and spread onto a tubing joint, and when it cools joins the tubes together. In this process the tubing itself never changes state, only the filler metal does. The builder will drench the joints in the liquid metal and then sculpt and sand the material back into a clean joint. Whether...

20 not-so-typical things to do with kids in Houston arrownoalt facebook twitter instagram rss

You can always find the list of current event round up on BigKidSmallCity.com… but here are some unique things you could do any day of the year… but may not always remember to do! This list does not include usual favorites… so you won’t find the awesome Children’s Museum here. Instead, you will find things with fewer crowds, some that are a little quirky, and all that are just as much fun as the well-known spots. 1. Black Walnut at Conroe North Houston Regional Airport – This is the restaurant where you can watch planes and helicopters land… right next to your table! See the pictures HERE! 2. Maryam’s Cafe – This coffee shop/restaurant is like an old antique store where you can order coffee, juices, smoothies, ice cream, breakfast or lunch… and in the back there is a playroom for kids! The only trouble with it is, how do you decide between playing in the back or sitting in the thrones (yes, king and queen thrones) in the front window? 3. The Dunlavy – As you walk up the stairs, you find yourself at tree height and the huge windows on 3 sides of the dining room let you feel the outdoors. The dining room is the most beautiful room we have seen this year. One focal point is the doz...

How home workout technology changed over the past 10 years

The same way that Jane Fonda’s iconic VHS workout and “The Richard Simmons Show” are synonymous with the 80s, and the 90s conjures images of Suzanne Somers’ ThighMaster and step aerobics, the 2010s will be remembered for Peloton bikes, activity trackers and social networks devoted to fitness. While people are still working out in gyms (one in five Americans still belong to at least one health club or studio, according to a 2019 study) and “boutique” fitness studios like Orange Theory or Pure Barre, the defining fitness trends were toward working out at home, using high-tech equipment and building community through dedicated fitness social networks. For millennials who are accustomed to instant gratification and spend more time at home than other generations, home workouts are an appealing way to get active, connect with like-minded individuals and save money. To close out the end of this decade, here’s how the biggest fitness trends and innovations have changed the way that people work out at home: Chances are you’ve seen Tony Horton, personal trainer and creator of P90X, in an infomercial before. In 2005, his signature 90-day work...

HUDSONVILLE, Mich. (WOOD) — A Grand Rapids Community College instructor is headed to trial, facing a

HUDSONVILLE, Mich. (WOOD) — A Grand Rapids Community College instructor is headed to trial, facing a maximum of 15 years in prison after his son with autism drowned in the family’s backyard pool. Timothy Koets appeared at an Ottawa County court Thursday where the case was laid out in an all-day hearing. He was charged in October with manslaughter and child abuse in the drowning death of his 16-year-old son who died in the icy outdoor pol. Today’s hearing centered on whether Koets made sure that his wife was watching out for the boy when he left his Jenison home to go to work in downtown Grand Rapids March 28. In the Hudsonville courtroom, a judge said she had no doubt that Koets acted with negligence, knowing that his son was in potential danger when unsupervised. Assistant Prosecutor Paul Kraus presented the case and showed photos of the teen and backyard pool with ice floating in it where he drowned. The teen’s pediatrician said Sam Koets had the cognitive development of a child younger than 2-years-old. “I found mother holding a child still within the swimming pool,” Ottawa County Sheriff’s deputy Eric Smith said. The judge heard the detective’s recording of an interview wit...

CNN Underscored is your guide to the everyday products and services that help you live a

CNN Underscored is your guide to the everyday products and services that help you live a smarter, simpler and more fulfilling life. The content is created by CNN Underscored. CNN News staff is not involved. When you make a purchase, we receive revenue. It’s crazy to think about, but it’s almost 2020 already. And when that ball drops in Times Square, we’ll be starting a new decade. The last decade brought a lot of new technology, from phones and speakers to computers and smart devices, and a real boom with the internet of things. But not all products have the same impact. It takes some serious innovation and cultural adoption to really change tech. We’ve been hard at work whittling down the list of products to find the 10 devices that truly changed tech this past decade and to pinpoint exactly why these are innovations that we’ll be admiring and contemplating for years to come. Apple announced the iPad in 2010, and since then it has slowly transformed into a computer replacement for many (including me). But what earned its spot on the list is not the gradual transformation of a device that many critics originally panned as simply a large iPhone. Prio...

‘Vitamin E tocotrienols are potential candidates for maintenance of heart health,’ says study Menu Back to Back to Back to Back to Back to Back to Back to Send Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Follow us on LinkedIn Send Email to a friend Facebook Twitter Linkedin Tip a friend

Related tags: Oxidative stress, Antioxidant, Tocopherol, C-reactive protein function sanitize_gpt_value2(gptValue) { var vOut=”"; var aTags = gptValue.split(‘,’); var reg = new RegExp(‘\W+’, “g”); for (var i=0; i < aTags.length; i++) { vOut += aTags[i].trim().replace(reg, '-').substring(0,40); if(i!=(aTags.length-1)) vOut +=', '; } vOut = vOut.toLowerCase(); return vOut; } $(document).ready(function() { dataLayerNews = {}; dataLayerNews.related_tags = sanitize_gpt_value2("Oxidative stress, Antioxidant, Tocopherol, C-reactive protein"); dataLayer.push(dataLayerNews); }); Data from 31 people indicated that that annatto tocotrienol – composed mainly of delta-tocotrienol – was associated with improvements in a number of cardiovascular risk factors including inflammatory cytokines, nitric oxide (NO) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Writing in the Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology​​researchers from the University of Missouri – Kansas City reported that four weeks of eating a healthy diet and vitamin E tocotrienol supplementation at doses ranging from 125 to 750 mg/day decreased inflammatory and oxi...

From time to time, TTAC will highlight automotive products we think may be of interest to

From time to time, TTAC will highlight automotive products we think may be of interest to our community. Plus, posts like this help to keep the lights on around here. Learn more about how this works. The ability to serve up a cold drink has vexed automakers for years. There have been a few attempts – the icemaker in an early-90s Previa and cooled gloveboxes powered by ducted air conditioning being good examples – but, by and large, most OEMs haven’t put serious thought into providing an in-car fridge. Vacuum cleaners? Sure! But no refrigerators. And, yes, I am intentionally ignoring the bucks-deluxe solutions from the likes of Rolls and Bentley. We’re a website for commoners, just like all the writers here. Fortunately, the aftermarket has stepped in to offer some solutions to this problem. There are a myriad of companies building portable mini fridges designed to run off 110V and 12V power, allowing the things to work away in a car’s cargo area while the family circus travels down the road to Disneyland. We’ve chosen eight options and presented them here. Some of them made the cut on price, a few on innovation, and one because it simply looked cool – pun intende...

On May 1, 1916, thirteen-month-old Lettie Caruso* moved with her family to a tenement at 1295

On May 1, 1916, thirteen-month-old Lettie Caruso* moved with her family to a tenement at 1295 Gates Avenue, Brooklyn. A fifty-six-year-old woman named Mrs. G.H. Franklin lived and worked on the first floor, where she ran a small ice cream parlor that “the children naturally frequented,” according to a subsequent report by the New York Health Department. Lettie and her family lived in the apartment adjacent to the ice cream shop. On May 9, Lettie became ill. “A private physician was called the first day and came several days,” the Department reported. “She was examined with the stethoscope and at the first visit the doctor thought it was only a cold. As she grew worse a physician from New York was called in consultation. Mrs. Caruso thought the diagnosis was pulmonary bronchitis. So far as she knew the child was not paralyzed, but she cannot remember any special examination for that. There has been no Infantile Paralysis in this house, nor in the adjoining properties.” Looking back with perfect hindsight, Brooklyn in May 1916 was ground zero for an explosion that no one saw or heard for a month and more — and, to this day, no one has satisfactorily explained. Before it ende...

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